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Xobaline® (for humans)
Methylcobalamin (the active ingredient in Xobaline) is
one of several forms of vitamin B12 known as ‘cobalamins’.
Cobalamins are unique vitamins in that they contain the
mineral cobalt. Only two of the cobalamins
actually play active roles in the body’s biochemistry,
however — these are methylcobalamin and S-adenosylcobalamin.
Since the methyl- and adenosyl- forms are
interconvertable, a dietary source that contains
methylcobalamin also serves as a source of S-adenosylcobalamin.
The cobalamins are made only by microorganisms, not
by plants or animals. This means that animals must
obtain them either from their diet or from
microorganisms living in their bodies. For example, cows
get their vitamin B12 from gut-dwelling bacteria. Since
the cobalamins are stored in animal cells, carnivores
can get their vitamin B12 by eating meat, even though
they don’t themselves have B12-producing gut-dwelling
bacteria. Herbivores that lack B12-producing bacteria
(such as human vegetarians or pet animals) will develop
B12 deficiencies unless they use some kind of B12
supplement. In fact, it has been found that around
60-70% of vegetarians have vitamin B12 deficiencies!Left untreated, such deficiencies will eventually do
permanent damage to the body.
Deficiencies of vitamin B12 result in harmful effects
on the blood, nerves, vascular system, bone, and
- White and red blood cells develop defects that
lead to anemia.
- Peripheral and central nerves are damaged,
causing loss of sensation, motor disruptions,
irritability, depression, cognitive decline,
incontinence, insomnia, impotence, visual and
- Homocysteine levels rise, increasing the risk of
coronary artery disease, stroke, and osteoporosis.
- Damage to gastrointestinal cells can lead to
diarrhea, constipation, pain, gas, anorexia, and